Campaign Philosophy Index
(Standard English Spelling)
IS YOUR COUNTRY A DEMOCRACY OR IS YOUR GOVERNMENT A DESPOTISM ?
ANNULMENT-BY-JURY: WHY IS THE CITIZEN-JUROR’S JUDGEMENT ON THE JUSTICE
OF THE LAW SO VITAL A PART OF ANY FAIR AND COMPETENT JUSTICE
II. ARE YOU A FREEPERSON OR SLAVE ?
THE RIGHT OF
JURIES COMMEMORATIVE PLAQUE;
Old Bailey Law Courts, London.
III. ILLEGAL "SELECTION" OF JURORS.
THE LEGAL PROFESSION CANNOT DEFEND YOU.
V. WHAT IS THE DEMOCRACY DEFINED CAMPAIGN ?
VI. GET ACTIVE - JOIN
THE DEMOCRACY DEFINED CAMPAIGN.
ACTIVIST MEMBERS from all walks of life in
FRANCE, FIJI, NEPAL, SRI LANKA, AUSTRALIA,
CANADA, EIRE, INDIA, GERMANY, SOUTH AFRICA, ULSTER,
JORDAN, PAKISTAN, THE UNITED STATES, AND ENGLAND.
THE CAMPAIGN PHILOSOPHY
is spread worldwide by its members.
Campaign philosophy supported by academics, doctors and judges (U.S. & U.K.). Join in the Campaign by downloading
and distributing the free posters and educational pamphlets. Contact us by e-mail today for your free Membership and
THE DEMOCRACY DEFINED CAMPAIGN ?
To appreciate the importance to the citizen and to civilisation at
large of the underlying recondite aspects of Trial by Jury, i.e. "the judgement
of peers," (i.e. peers are one’s social-equals; not government employees or
representatives) and how this Justice System works, see previous
Campaign pages 1, 2, 3, & 4. Read how, for criminal motives, Trial by Jury is denied or
has been interfered with and undermined by governments.
Adopted as law (universally) our Campaign requires trial judges to resume their former practice of instructing jurors of all their duties (as mentioned on the first Campaign Philosophy page). In Trial by Jury, the proper functions and duties of citizens as jurors are: to judge the law; the facts; on the admissibility of all the evidence (i.e. evidence not being pre-selected by the judge); the moral intent of the accused (whose actions require to have been committed with malice aforethought to find ‘guilt’); mitigating circumstances; and where guilt is unanimously found, the suitability of the sentence (no mandatorily prescribed penalties), in every contested civil, criminal and fiscal court case.
In Constitutional Common Law Trial by Jury, it is the
Citizen-Juror’s Duty to judge the justice of every act of law enforcement,
and to render the Not Guilty Verdict whenever conviction or punishment of the accused
would be unfair according to the juror’s conscience.
"The Jury has the power to bring a
verdict in the teeth of both law and fact."
U.S. Chief Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Snr.
In this matter, good men and women who stand up against tyranny are
of one mind.
"If you will not fight for right when you
can easily win without bloodshed; if you will not fight when your victory will be sure and
not too costly; you may come to the moment when you will have to fight with all odds
against you and only a precarious chance of survival. There may be even a worse fate.
You may have to fight when there is no hope of victory, because it is better to perish than
to live as slaves."
Sir Winston Churchill, Author, Chronicler, Historian,
Philosopher, Nobel laureate for Literature; Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
to the House of Commons; 1939.
Today, this duty of the Jurors—which is definitive of Trial by Jury,
sine qua non—is illegally denied by government and judges’ interference,
to enable the unlawful enforcement of inequitable and venal legislation.
The Democracy Defined Campaign is an international educational organisation of jury-rights
activists. May the advancing human race unite behind
The DEMOCRACY DEFINED Campaign for:
RESTORATION AND UNIVERSAL
CONSTITUTIONAL COMMON LAW TRIAL BY
The British and American public and all like-minded
Europeans, and the People of all
countries, working with and leading the U.N.O., can edify and
emancipate their fellow-citizens into achieving RESTORATION and
UNIVERSAL ADOPTION of the nonpareil constitution: The Constitutional
Common Law Trial by Jury Justice System.
Only then do worldwide elimination of tyrannies and
the Crimes Against Humanity by politicians and governments, and
permanent relative peace on Earth become
By Universal Adoption, we transnationally bequeath
to future generations the Democratic Safeguards, laws, rights and personal protection
to which all men and women are entitled; and set an example for emulation by posterity.
May Universal Adoption be swiftly achieved as the
result of educative democratic political activity by all the Peoples
of the World.
The DEMOCRACY DEFINED CAMPAIGN invites
all citizens everywhere to become active in our
Campaign: to unite in solidarity behind civilised values in order to
repel the encroachments of state tyranny; and to mount responsible
effective resistance to the modern resurgent political despotism.
In this modern era of mass electronic
communications, achieving these aims is practicable. The
compassionate political aspirations of humankind will at last be
achieved this Third Millennium, perhaps soon, through knowledge,
understanding and education.
Our crusade invites citizens everywhere to
The DD Campaign educates
people about their inherent rights. In the U.S. and the U.K., these
are constitutionally-established, but they are intrinsic to every
For example, did you know that
the Common Law Trial by Jury Justice System gives power to
ordinary people as jurors to decide to annul the prosecution or
enforcement of any law whenever the juror considers that conviction
or punishment of the accused would be unfair and wrong. This is part
of our U.S. and U.K. constitutions. Yet, many people are ignorant of
this vital legal protection against injustices inflicted by the
state and by courts (judges).
Today, rather than the jurors, while government
judges run trials, real criminals do not receive appropriate
retributive sentences, or go free, and harmless innocent citizens in
their thousands are abused, fined and incarcerated. (See section on "Guilty ?" or
"Not Guilty" ? website Campaign page 2; and
DEMOCRACY DEFINED books for
THE DEMOCRACY DEFINED
CAMPAIGN IS THE KEY.
Many citizens, righteously indignant with today’s
governments, suddenly find the key to their
lawful and peaceful liberation from increasing tyranny, by learning from this
Campaign about RESTORATION of the Constitutional Common Law Trial by
Jury Justice System. They join the Campaign and become
Activists. (See links below to
DEMOCRACY DEFINED CAMPAIGN Membership
Campaign Material pages.)
"The great Principle, that societies and laws
exist only for the purpose of increasing the sum of private
happiness," (see Macaulay, Essay On
Machiavelli) and that "Justice is the object of
government," (see d’Oudney &
Spooner, TRIAL BY JURY ISBN 9781902848723) are paramount rules and
morality lost on the unconscionably ambitious and self-serving: the
modern politician and judiciary.
What is the purpose of law in a democracy if not to
protect the citizen ? Increasingly, citizens all over the Western
world are being persecuted by governments’ employees for normal
actions and everyday activities which are not crimes. This can only
happen because governments have illegally denied the Citizens’
protections ensured by the Trial by Jury, whereby, in finding their
Verdict, jurors judge on the justice of law and its enforcement.
The pernicious calumny that England (or Britain)
has "no constitution," is promulgated today by individuals of
parliament and judiciary, to obscure their routine violation of the
35 times ratified Constitution by which they are bound.
(See THE CONSTITUTION TREATISE
In order to enable governments (of any political
background) to enforce unjust money-motivated special interest
‘laws’ which would be annulled by Citizen-Jurors (i.e., made
unenforceable by Jurors’ refusal to find the undeserved ‘guilty’
verdicts), the Juror’s Right to
annul is concealed by governments, forbidden by judges,
Jury Rights and Duties are deliberately not taught by the state
"There are more instances of the abridgement of
the freedom of the people by gradual and silent encroachments of
those in power than by violent and sudden usurpations."
JAMES MADISON, Fourth President of the
Virginia Convention on the ratification of the Constitution,
June, 1788; 3 Elliot’s Debates, p. 87.
Jury power is indispensable. Without it,
every kind of injustice becomes enforceable and tyranny
unstoppable (by peaceful means). So,
your country, your people, and THE DEMOCRACY DEFINED
Campaign need YOU.
ALONGSIDE TRIAL BY JURY,
RÉGIMES OF INJUSTICE CANNOT SUBSIST.
Removal from the jurors of their judgement on
justice and equity issues transforms Trial by Jury into the
unlawful, one-sided, unfair mistrial-by-government-judges, the
method by which tyrannies thrive. This system enables and
obliges judges to enforce every persecution, stealth-tax,
oppression, money-motivated subterfuge and injustice government
introduces, and which judges then lawlessly claim is "the
Quotation from TRIAL BY JURY, ISBN
"Had Trial by Jury been faithfully maintained
and Universally Adopted, Twentieth Century History would have been
of international Peace, of Fraternity, Prosperity, Justice, Liberty,
Egalitarianism and Progress. The Hohenzollern and Hitler tyrannies,
World Wars, the Holocaust, the Stalinist, Amin, Pol Pot and
countless other wars and oppressions, great and small, could not
have occurred; such régimes of injustice cannot subsist alongside,
and are nipped in the bud by, Trial by
If the exemplary human achievement of the Common
Law Trial by Jury Justice System had been kept in place (for other
nations of the World to emulate), the West would never have
experienced much corruption and real crime; and, for centuries,
tyrannies, local wars and extreme governments would all have been
precluded. The World would have been a different and a better place
in which to have lived, and the future would be looked forward to
with confidence, pleasure, optimism and satisfaction.
Quotation from TRIAL BY JURY:
"As to the future, without consummate
RESTORATION, there are no bounds to the continuing inevitable future
tyranny by Man of Man. Trial by Jury was the concept and gift of our
ancestors; its RESTORATION is well within the wit and capacity of
Humankind: Let the Third Millennium be aright with Universal
CONSTITUTIONAL DEMOCRACIES’ TRIAL BY JURY
FOILS INTENTIONS OF TYRANTS AND CRIMINALS.
The continuing illegal act by governments of
denying and/or destroying Common Law Trial by Jury is the gravest of
crimes which calls for utmost RESISTANCE: all Citizens have the
Right and the Duty to take appropriate actions to terminate the
crime and tyranny, and to achieve RESTORATION and Universal
Adoption. Mankind will not, and cannot, find the psychological and
social environment acceptable until Common Law Trial by Jury is
Restored and Universally Adopted.
You might have experienced injustices yourself, or
know friends or family members who have. You might be justifiably
angry and not know how to seek justice and obtain redress. The number
of citizens who feel they have been "hard-done-by" is growing
daily, because in every rank of the government apparatus, state
employees abuse the powers bestowed on them and make use of
tyrannical "bully-boy" tactics.
Without the Trial by Jurors to guard the individual
and thus the entire population, the human predisposition for tyranny
is unleashed: real power, subtracted from citizen-juries, devolves
to every level of the state apparatus. From traffic warden, town
clerk, or junior patrolman, to the justices, to the chief executive,
all ranks are ceaselessly exposed to carnal and financial
temptations: of utilising bullying, bribery, coercion and fear, over
ordinary citizens, to flagitious advantage. Without exception, the
resulting corruption is witnessed in (and definitive of) every
Barbarian states, such as the Chinese communist and Soviet-style
tyrannies, purblind intolerance and inhumanity (as also exemplified by the sebastomaniac
‘religious’ organisations and states *), are brought into
being inevitably by disregard for and denial of the universally fair common law
Trial by Jury Justice System. Truth, Knowledge, Justice and Liberty are suppressed
in the statists’ frozen, fearful society. Inexorably, the West is visibly metamorphosing
into a cultural tundra and in the dismal process, losing its moral ascendant of
millennia. Only RESTORATION will reverse the morbid decline.
* NOTE. Definition, sebastomania:
In a Constitutional Democracy, that is, a system
of government controlled by the traditional European and Anglo-American type of constitution
incorporating and based on Trial by Jury, it is the unalterable duty of government to
uphold people’s sovereign right to seek their own individually-defined self-fulfilment.
Trial by Jury ensures that the government is controlled and society arranged so as to allow
every innocent citizen unmolested tranquillity of existence and the pursuit of happiness.
In starkest contrast, the state-trial system psychologically detaches the
personnel within its apparatus from the ordinary citizens. In this socially and mentally
distorted environment, the reign of terror gestates. It adversely affects everyone, perverting
those who govern and sorely oppressing the governed. All concentration-camp guards in the
making: commissioners, politicians, bureaucrats, judiciary, police and prison service are
thrust into a condemnatory overlordship of the ordinary citizen.
Let there be no mistaking the issue. There is no such thing as a
‘benevolent dictator’, which everyone learns to their cost who disagrees
with the autocrat’s will. Yet, in the totalitarian state, in each individual court-case,
autocratic power over citizens is given to every judge. That is, in the totalitarian state
(whether political or ‘religious’), despotic power is held over citizens by
the state’s judges: and citizens do not have the constitutional authority to annul
injustices. Politicians and judges have the corrupting absolute power to decide
people’s liberty for them.
The result of allowing individuals or states to have such power over
citizens is, without exception, always the same: democracy, decency, liberty, the
cultivation of virtues and the pursuit of happiness are obliterated. As if any further
evidence were necessary to prove the point, consider the following quotation from
Part Seven of the DEMOCRACY DEFINED
publication, THE REPORT ISBN 9781902848167:
"As is visible everywhere, the less citizens’ control there is
of government, the more extreme the tyranny extant. The converse is also true: the
greater the tyranny, the less there is democratic control. History, and dispassionate
reflection on the world today, teach no more certain lesson than this: Whenever and
wherever Trial by Jury is not in place, or it is allowed by the population to be interfered
with by government and its representatives, there tyranny and crime inevitably
What if Americans, the British, Europeans, and other people across
the globe learn about the real democratic Trial by Jury constitution ?
Will they then insist their representatives serve them and democracy ?
and accept nothing less than:
RESTORATION and UNIVERSAL
The trial-by-state-judges technique of tyranny requires to be truthfully
explained to populations everywhere, for the injustice it embodies, the servility it imposes,
and the maelstrom of crime, corruption, misery and strife it always engenders. Given the
choice, nowhere is this uncivilised mode acceptable, even to people in the rudest state of
development; still less to citizens in a condition of relative enlightenment. Trial by
Jury is relevant to every race, nation and society on Earth, bar none.
The DEMOCRACY DEFINED CAMPAIGN strives for World Democracy:
for Protection of the Individual, for Peace, Prosperity, Progress, Truth, Knowledge,
Justice and Liberty for all mankind.
We draw attention to the following facts:
The Trial by Jury Justice System for all causes,
civil, criminal and fiscal, by which Citizen-Jurors judge the law,
the facts and the evidence, derived from and was formerly adopted by
all the European (i.e. Northern or Gothic) Nations. This requires
Modern tyranny by unthinking or corrupt
politicians and judiciary has usurped and denied Jurors’ Rights
and Duty, to destroy Trial by Jury and vitiate democracy.
To enable the unjust enforcement of inequitable,
venal, money-motivated special interest and inherently-illegal
‘statutes’ and ‘regulations’, the supreme Constitutional
legislation which installs the Trial by Jury Justice System for
all crimes in the U.S., U.K., and elsewhere, is today routinely
violated by courts — or the Right of the accused to a Trial by
Jury is denied by politicians’ illegal ‘legislative’
unlawful behaviour by politicians and judiciaries must be
eradicated: it requires denunciation and arraignment wherever it
Trial by Jury &
Juror’s Rights and
Must Be Restored.
Act against growing
Campaign with us for RESTORATION &
Constitutional Common Law Trial by
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